Lovers of sugary foods seem to be careful about eating sugar-rich foods. Research reveals, these foods can actually trigger various forms of cancer by giving them the much needed energy to breed.
The researchers found one type of cancer called squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). This type is found in the lungs, head and neck, esophagus and cervix. The development is considered highly dependent on the content of sugar consumed by someone, quoted Indian Express, Tuesday (30/5).
"It has been suspected that many cancer cells rely heavily on sugar as their energy supply, but it turns out that one specific type - squamous cell carcinoma - is more highly dependent on sugar," said Assistant Professor at the University of Texas, Jung-whan Kim.
SqCC is also found to have a highly active protein called a glucose transporter 1 or GLUT1. This substance is responsible for transporting glucose into the cells. It provides a fundamental source of energy and fuel cell metabolism.
For the study, published in the journal Nature Communications, the team investigated metabolic differences between two major subtypes of small cell lung cancer - adenocarcinoma (ADC) and SqCC. The investigators investigated the effects of GLUT1 inhibitors on human lung tissue, isolated lung cancer cells and mice with both types of non-small cell lung cancer.
When GLUT1 was administered to mice with lung cancer, squamous cancer was reduced. This is not the case with Adenocarcinoma. "There is no complete eradication, but the growth of the tumor slows down," Kim said.