Tuesday, July 19, 2016

10 Tips for Keeping Eyes Stay Healthy and Prevent of Blindness

If you never had vision problems, you probably will not give much attention to the eyes. Perhaps, too, you are not aware of the changes that occur in the eye with age.

The age factor can not be prevented. However, damage to the eye is not only caused by age. There are several other factors to be the cause. Fortunately, preventive measures as simple as wearing sunglasses and eating vegetables can help protect your eyesight.

Here is a list of 10 facts about the eye that will help you protect the windows of the soul in order to stay healthy in the years to come.

1. What you eat greatly affects the health of your eyes.

Eating well is the most important way to care for your eyes, said Rebecca Taylor, M.D., Optometrists in Vision Associates in Nashville Tennessee, and spokesman for the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

He also recommends dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach or kale and brightly colored vegetables. Green leafy vegetables provide nutrients lutein and zeaxanthin, which is proven to help reduce the risk of eye disease.

While vitamin A adapat found in yellow and bright orange vegetables such as carrots and sweet potatoes. Also add fruits such as strawberries, oranges, and mangoes to the adequacy of vitamin C and other antioxidants, useful help fight eye diseases.

2. a comprehensive eye examination.

It is useful to know in advance if there is a vision problem. Perform regular eye examinations are the only way to anticipate problems, such as glaucoma or diabetic eye disease.

Most people with vision problems should see their eye doctor once a year to ensure their vision has not changed. Schedule checks should be done:

Age 40 years: a basic eye exam

Age 40 to 55: an eye exam every two to four years

Age 55-64: eye examination every one to three years

Age 65 and over: an eye examination every year

3. Current Smoking can cause eye problems later in life.

When you smoke, the cyanide from the smoke gets into the bloodstream and can destroy cells of the eye.

Smoking increases the risk of cataracts and lead to dry eyes. Also raises the risk of macular degeneration, the destruction of the central part of the eye that is incurable, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States.

4. You can help preserve vision by protecting the eyes from the sun.

Taylor recommends two protection for your eyes: sunscreen and sunglasses.

The skin around the eyes is the thinnest skin vulnerable to ultraviolet radiation (UV). Various types of skin cancer, such as carcinoma and melanoma, can be formed on the eyelids and area around the eyes. This can cause major damage to the structure of the eye.

5. Staring at a computer all day can cause dry eyes.

This is partly because when we looked at things too close, our eyes do not blink, clear, Taylor.

One of the symptoms of dry eye is the most common watery eyes, said Steven Loomis, OD, of Roxborough Park, Colorado, president of the American Optometric Association.

6. diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the United States.

The best way to avoid diabetes is to prevent diabetic retinopathy. Almost all patients with type 1 diabetes, finally have this condition. and about 60 percent for patients with type 2 diabetes.

7. After the age of 60, macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness.

Macular degeneration occurs when the eye tissue degenerates, causing pemglihatan blurring or loss of vision in the central part of the eye. There are two forms of macular degeneration: wet and dry.

If the loss of vision caused by fluid in the retina, this condition can be treated with injections in the eye. Dry macular degeneration until now there is no cure.

The risk factors for macular degeneration include family history, smoking, lack of lutein and zeaxanthin, and too much exposure to UV light.

8. Cataracts.

Cataract is something relatively normal due to the aging process and usually begins around the age of 60 years. The symptoms are blurred vision, vision is often a glare, no or less able to see clearly at night, and double vision.

Taking certain medications such as prednisone may also increase the risk of cataracts, said Loomis. Treatment of cataracts, which includes the replacement of the damaged eye lens with good, usually very effective.

9. Damage to the optic nerve of the eye causing glaucoma.

It is a vision disorder that often come as suddenly. The first sign of glaucoma is when a person can no longer see.

Glaucoma is not something that can be prevented or treated yourself, and the only way to detect it is through an eye examination by a doctor.

Glaucoma occurs when pressure builds up in the eye and began to damage the optic nerve. the condition progresses very slowly, it could years to make eye sarag badly damaged.

The risk of glaucoma is higher in people who have a family history of glaucoma or diabetes.

For most patients, treatment with eye drops once a day usually done to reduce the pressure inside the eye. If the eye drops fail, surgery may be an option.

10. Your eyes reveal a lot about your health.

The old adage says that the eyes are the windows to the soul and the eyes can also act as an indicator of the overall health of a person.

Dry eye, for example, could be an indicator of the condition of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or thyroid disease. Patients who have blurred vision may have diabetes or tumor, or stroke.

People with itchy red eyes may be allergic to contact lenses but they are not aware of. There are also people with unusual eye movements that were recently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

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